Yarn spinning equipment is the general term for various mechanical devices for processing natural or chemical fibers into the required textile products. The broad sense of yarn spinning equipment also includes chemical machinery for producing chemical fibers. Textile equipment is the production means and material basis of the textile industry. Its technical level, quality, and manufacturing cost are directly related to the development of the textile industry. What are the types of textile equipment? What is the main function of textile equipment?
Yarn spinning equipment is the general term for various machine devices needed to process natural or chemical fibers into textiles. The processes required to process different fibers such as cotton, flax, silk, wool, etc. into textiles are not the same, some are completely different, so the required machinery is diverse and varied. The classification mainly includes spinning equipment, weaving equipment, printing and dyeing equipment, finishing equipment, chemical fiber spinning equipment, reeling equipment, and non-woven fabric equipment. Spinning equipment is divided into two categories: processing short fibers and processing long fibers. Cotton and cotton-type chemical fibers belong to the short fiber category, and wool, hemp, silk, and blended chemical fibers belong to the long fiber category. The processing procedures of the two fiber types are different, and the equipment cannot be used universally. Even for the same type of equipment, the machinery structure is similar, but due to the different characteristics of the raw materials and the final requirements of the fabric, they generally cannot be used universally.
Spinning equipment is mainly divided into two categories: processing short fibers and processing long fibers. Due to the wide variety of types, machinery structure, uses, and performance of spinning equipment, they are classified according to their sequence in the production process, including cotton cleaning machines, cotton carding machines, combers, coiling machines, spinning frames, roving frames, sliver drawing frames, coarse and warp preparation spinning machines, fine spinning machines, and ring spinning machines for wool and linen.
Weaving equipment is classified according to its processes, including spinning frame processes, warp preparation processes, weft insertion processes, weaving processes, and finishing processes. Printing and dyeing equipment includes sueding machines (surface sueding of fabrics), boiling range machines (dissolving the starch on the surface of fabrics), silk-smoothing machines (making fibers on the surface of fabrics even and glossy for better dye absorption), batch dyeing machines (dyeing clothes), setting machines (stretching fabrics), and pre-shrinking machines (controlling clothes shrinkage). Finishing equipment mainly includes coating, embossing, printing, washing, nitrate washing, sand washing, embossing, punching, setting, embroidery, hot stamping, etc. Non-woven fabric equipment is a textile product made of textile fibers as raw materials, processed by bonding, melting, or other chemical or mechanical methods. This type of textile product does not go through traditional spinning, weaving, or knitting processes and is also called non-woven fabric.